Graphics, Lines and Tuplet Pane
  1. If the Music Images panel is not already visible on your screen, choose Music Images Panel... from the Tools menu to make it visible.
  2. If the Graphics & Lines pane (which contains the tabs: Graphics, Lines Pedal Lines and Tuplets) is not visible in the Music Images Panel, select Graphics & Lines from the Available Panes pull-down menu at the top of the Music Images Panel.
  3. Choose between the three tabs in the Graphics & Lines pane to view controls for Graphics, Lines or Tuplets.

Graphics Tab

The Graphics pane is used for setting the attributes of the the NoteAbilityPro graphics objects: lines, rectangles, ovals, curves as well as the color of text.

The three color wells hold the current color (or grayscale) for:

To change the colors in the wells, use the Show Colors... item in the Format menu or click on the border of one of the colour wells. Once you have selected your color in the Color panel, drag the color and drop it in one the wells in this pane.

The Graphics pane includes radio buttons to set whether rectangles and ovals are framed only, filled only or framed and filled. There is also a check box Has Fixed Size which allows the size of rectangles and ovals to be fixed so they don't change their shape as the rhythmic spine is adjusted. The Has Fixed Size setting must be made before the image is drawn. In the example below, the rectangle has fixed size, while the oval does not. Compressing or stretching the measure will distort the oval, but not the rectangle.


To change the characteristics of an existing graphic object, select the image, choose the desired settings in the Graphics pane and click the Change Graphics button.

- All new graphics are drawn using the settings in this pane. If you change the settings in order to alter an exising graphic image, you may want to revert the settings before adding more images.

- It is possible to control whether a graphic object is drawn before or after another image by changing its voice with the Change Voice buttons since the voices on each measure are drawn one after another. In the example below white rectangles are used to erase part of the staff. The white rectangles are set to voice 1 and the lines are set to voice 2 This ensures that the lines will be drawn after the erasure (white) rectangle.

Lines Tab

NoteAbility supports 20 different line types, each of which can be solid or dashed, can be drawn at any line thickness and colour (the colour is set in the Graphics tab), and can be set to any point size (using the Image Size slider in the Image Attributes pane.)

To enter lines in your score:

  1. Select the line type using the slider on the right side of the pane - two examples of the line are shown in the white rectangle
  2. Set the line width by using the Line Width slider.
  3. Select whether you want the line to be solid or dashed (there are 3 different dash sizes)
Draw lines using the Line tool from the NoteAbilityPro Tool palette - lines will appear on the score using all the characteristics you have just set.

To change the attributes of lines that have already been added to your score, select the lines on the score (using the Selection or Select Score tools), then choose the new line type, line width, whether they are to be solid or dashed, and click on the Change Line Type button.

To change only the line width of selected lines, set a new line width and use the Change Line Width button.

It is also possible to change the image size of a line by selecting it, choosing a new image size in the Image Attributes pane and clicking on the Set Size button. Changing the image size (or point size) of a line has different effects depending on the line type. Generally, the size of extended lines or the size of the arrow head is altered with different image sizes. The line thickness is not altered since that attribute is set with the Line Width slider. In the example below, the four different line types are shown at 24, 36 and 48 point sizes:

Pedal Lines Tab

The Pedal Line tab is used for adding piano pedal indications below a staff. Once a pedal line has been entered in your score, you may add additional pedal change indications along the pedal line. The procedure for entering pedal indications to your score is as follows:

  1. Use the Select Score tool to indicate the beginning and ending position of the pedal line. The pedal line may be on one system or it may cross multiple systems.

  2. Choose from one of the 4 pedal line types by selecting the radio button in the Pedal Line pane. The standard pedal indication is the last one in the list.
  3. Click on the Create Pedal Line button on the panel. The pedal line will be added to the score below at the positions delineated by the Select Score arrows.

    The vertical location of the pedal line is controlled by the lyric button which appears below the beginning of the staff. You can adjust the vertical position of staff (or the position of each staff if the pedal line crosses more than one system) by moving the lyric button up or down.

  4. Once the line has been added to your score, you can double-click on the line to add pedal changes. In the example below 4 pedal changes have been added to the pedal line.

- If the Lyric button is not visible on the left side of the system, it can be made visible by checking the Lyric Button box on the Formatting pane of the NoteAbilityPro Preference panel.

- If you want to adjust the vertical position of the pedal line on more than one system, you can hold down the Option key while you are dragging one of the Lyric Buttons - this will cause all Lyric buttons (and all pedals affixed to those Lyric buttons) later in the score to be adjusted to the same distance from the staff.

- Pedal lines may also be added using the Build Pedal Line item in the Modify/Cresc/Decres/Graphics menu.

- As in the case of lines, the size of the pedal change marker is determined by the pointsize. If you want a smaller pedal change marker, reduce the pointsize of the pedal line.

Each pedal change marker added to the pedal line can be moved along the pedal line. If you move the pedal line past the beginning or end of a system, it will be moved to the previous or next system. All pedal change markers are adjusted when your score if formatted. If you want to remove a pedal change marker, select it using the Select tool and click on the Remove Selected Markers button on the Pedal Lines pane.

If you wish to change the type of pedal line you have entered in your score, select the beginning of the pedal line, select the desired pedal type by clicking on the radio button in the Pedal Lines pane, and click on the Change Line Type button.

Tuplets Tab

The tuplet tab is used for creating nested tuplets (tuplets within tuplets.) In a situation where you need a tuplet such as a triplet within another tuplet such as a triplet or a quintuplet, you can use this panel to build your nested tuplet. The figure below shows an example of a nested tuplet.

In this example, the base tuplet is an eighth note quintuplet (5 eighth notes in the time of 4 eighth notes) and the nested tuplet is a triplet where 3 notes appear in the time of 1 of the base units. Before creating nested tuplets, you need to determine the base tuplet (i.e. the number of notes that will appear in the time of how many of those notes, and what rhythmic value the base tuplet will have. For the nested tuplet, you need to know how many notes should appear in place of how many of the base tuplets.

Here are a few more examples:

Base tupletBase DurationNested ValueAppearance
3 in the time of 2 Quarter note 3 in the time of 1 base unit
7 in the time of 6 Eighth note 5 in the time of 2 base units
8 in the time of 7 Eighth note 5 in the time of 1 base units

The procedure for creating nested tuplets is as follows:

- Nested tuplets can only be formed in situations where the second tuplet (i.e. the nested tuplet) is completely contained within the base tuplet -- it is not possible to form nested tuplets across multiple base tuplets.

- When copying and pasting nested tuplets, make sure you use the Paste Exact operation (Command-Shift-V) in order that the nested tuplet gets recreated. If you use Paste (Command-v) you may have to reselect the notes and click on the Form Nested Tuplet button to recreate the nested tuplet.

Menu items

The pull down menu located at the top-right corner of this pane refer to Import Graphics - these are graphics files that have been dragged and dropped onto the score or inserted using the Image Library Panel.

The Bring To Front and Send To Back menu items. refer only to Imported PDF, EPS, TIFF, JPEG, PICT, or GIF files. You can use these buttons to cause the graphic images to be drawn (and printed) before or after score is drawn. The example below shows an imported TIFF image (a stop sign) which is placed once in front of the score, once behind the score. The third copy of this image has been hidden by selecting the image and clicking on the Hide/Show Import Graphic menu. This image will appear when the document is printed.

- Import graphic images can be made global so that they extract with every extracted part by selecting the image and choosing the Modify/Text/Make Text Global menu item.

See also

© Keith A. Hamel 1998-2005 - All Rights Reserved