Score Structure Panel
The Score Structure panel is shown by selecting any of the top five items from the Operations Menu.
This panel allows you to alter structural settings of the score, and contains 14 different panes which are chosen using the scrolling table at the left side of the panel. Each table item brings up a collection of controls that allow you to change Time Signatures, Staff Layout, Barline format, Clefs, Measure Numbers and many other elements on your score. For most of the operations on these panes, the change takes place at the position of the Entry Cursor in the score, so you should first position the Entry Cursor in the System, Measure or Beat Location that you want to change to occur. For example, if you are changing the number of measures in a system, then the change occurs on the system the Entry Cursor is on, If you are entering a new clef, then the new clef is entered at the beat location on the staff that the Entry Cursor is on.
The controls at the bottom-left corner of this panel allow you to move your entry cursor in the score while the panel is still visible. The left and right arrows move the Entry Cursor forward a measure and backward a measure in the score and the up and down arrows shift the Entry Cursor to the staff above or the staff below in the same system. The measure number, meter and staff number are displayed in this panel These controls allow you to perform several changes to your score without leaving the Score Structure Panel.
Below are the available score structure panes along with a description of what they do:
Time Signature Pane
Shifting music to new measures:
Keeping music in same measures:
Partial Measure Pane
The Partial Measure Pane allows you to create incomplete measures (as in the case of a pickup measure that has only 1 or 2 beats). As with the Time Signature Pane, you can elect to shift images affected by the change to new measures or keep them in the same measures, and you can indicate whether the partial measure should be included in the measure number count or not. In the example below, a 1 beat pickup measure was created and the measure not included in the measure count - so the following measure will be measure 1.
The Enable Cautionary and Disable Cautionary buttons are used to enable or diable cautionary time signatures at the end of the current system or throughout the score. Cautionary time signature are time signatures that occur at the end of a system to indicate that there is a time signature change on the first measure of the next system:
Beat Grouping Pane
If we adjust the sliders to set beat groupings as 3/8 + 2/4 and touch the Set button
the music will be beamed according to the new beat structure:
If you want all measures with the same time signature in the score changed to this beat grouping, check the All Instances of this Meter button before touching the Set button.
Irrational Time SignaturePane
The Irrational Time Signature pane is for entering unusual time signatures that have denominators other than 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, or 32. These irrational time signatures are sometimes used in contemporary music in situation where you want a triplet or quintuplet rhythmic value to be the denominator of a time signature. For example, the time signature of 4/4 means that there are 4 beats and each beat is a quarter note - a time signature of 4/6 means that there are 4 beats and each beat is a triplet quarter note. Such a passage could not be entered using triplets since there are only 4 triplet quarter notes in the measure and the triplet grouping would not be completed. Essentially, a shift from a 4/4 measure to a 4/6 measure is a change of tempo by a factor of 6 / 4 (120 would become 180). While these time signatures are rare except in complex contemporary music, they have been included in NAPro for musicians that require them.
There are check boxes on this panel which allow you to set the number of measures you want affected by the change and whether images should be adjusted to new measures or kept in the same measure they are currently in. The example below shows irrational times signatures of 7/6 and 7/5.
Key Signature Pane
The Key Signature Pane allows you to change the key signature beginning in the current measure. You can choose to change the key signature on only the current staff or on all staves in the system, you can have the set the portion of the score that is affected by the key signature change:
and you can choose to include naturals to cancel the previous key signature or just have the new key signature entered without cancelling the previous key signature. Touch the Change Key Signature button to change to the new key signature starting at the beginning of the measure number that the Entry Cursor is in.
In the example below a Bb key signature was entered on all staves, until the end of the score with naturals included.
The Clef Pane allows you to change the clef on the staff and at the beat position of the Entry Cursor. New clefs can be inserted at any beat position in the score. To add the new clef, touch the Insert Clef button. You can also use this pane to remove a Clef Change that was previously added. To remove a clef change, the Entry Cursor must be on the same beat position the clef was entered - touch the Remove Clef button. If you only want a clef to be inserted for a specific number of beats, you can type the number of beats into the Text Field and choose the Change Clef for: button. When inserting new clefs, the music to the right of the clef will be adjusted to the pitches of the new clef. If, for some reason, you don't want images adjusted, then you can select the Don't Adjust Images button. In the example below and tenor clef was inserted in the score for three beats using the Change Clef for: 3.0 Beats button.
The Remove Graphic Clef can be used to remove cautionary clefs that have been added to the score in places you don't want them to appear. Select the clef and use this button to remove them.
The Barline pane allows you to change the appearance of the barline that appears at the end of the measure the Entry Cursor is on. When entering new barlines, you should indicate whether the change is for:
and you should indicate whether the new barline will:
To change the barline type, click on any of the 9 buttons along the bottom of the pane. The last of these buttons will draw no barline.
If you want to change the barline type of just one barline in a complex barline format, check the CHange One Barline Only box before selecting the barline type - only the barline that the Entry Cursor is on will be changed.
The Join to Staff Above button will extend the barline to the staff above the staff the Entry Cursor is on, and the Break from Staff Above button will separate the barline from the staff above. In the example below some barlines were broken from the staff above:
The Begin Repeat On/Off button is used to add a begin repeat barline to the first measure in a system and should only be added the measure at the beginning of system. Touching the button will add a Begin Repeat barline to the measure that the Entry Cursor is on, and touching the button again will remove the Begin Repeat barline.
The Hide/Show Barline button can be used to hide barlines from being drawn.
The two small buttons in the middle of the pane:
are used to convert barlines to Mensurstrich barlines (which are drawn between staves but not through the staves) and to convert barlines to tick barlines which just display a small mark at the top of the top staff in the system. Below we have some mensurstrich barlines and some tick barlines. The same buttons can be used to convert Mensurstsrich or tick barline types back to normal barlines.
The Brace pane allows you to change the brace type and format of staff braces on the left side of the current system. The controls on this pane allow you to select one of 3 brace types:
You can select whether the change occurs only on the current system or through until the end of the score. You can check the Replacing Existing Brace button and click on one of the brace buttons to change the current brace, or you can set the starting and ending staff numbers and check the Add New Brace button to add a brace to the left of the existing brace. In the example below, the system already had a straight brace and a thin line brace was added from staff 1 to 2 and a piano brace added from staff 3 to staff 4:
For single stave systems, you can choose one of the two buttons on the panel to have a straight line brace or no brace:
To remove a Brace that passes through the current staff, touch the Remove This Brace button. If there are more than one brace on the current staff, the left most brace is removed first.
Measure Number Pane
The Measure Number pane allows you to change the location and placement of measure numbers in the score.
For the frequency with which measure numbers appear on the score you can choose:
In terms of the appearance of measure numbers you can choose from 3 styles - plain, in a circle or in a rectangle, you can alter the distance above (or below the staff) in steps and the distance offset to the right or left, and you can Choose a different font for your measure numbers. Once you have made all your selections, touch the Set button to change the measure numbers in your score. In the example below the measure numbers have been changed from plain style appearing at the beginning of the system to a different font, measure numbers in rectangles and a different height from the staff.
The Show First Measure button allows you to override the convention of the first measure of the score not showing a measure number.
Number Locations Pane
More than one of these options may be selected, so, for example, you can have the measure numbers appear above the system, below the system and above staff ID 8.
For the actual numbering of measures, you can use the Exclude From Count and Include In Count buttons to indicate whether the current measure should increment its number from the previous measure and you can use the Set This Measure To: to force a measure to have a specific number. All measures after the measure you change will be adjusted. This option is useful in situations where your score is divided into several documents and you want to set the first measure of the score so that it continues from the previous document.
There are also 2 sets of measure number types - regular numerical values and duration values, which can be selected using the two format buttons. Duration values convert the measure numbers into minutes and seconds, and are specifically designed for spatial scores where each measure is 1 beat long at q = 60. However, you can use the Set This Measure To: button to change the measure number to the number of seconds you want displayed. The example below shows measure number 70 displayed using each format:
If you want to hide a measure number from displaying, you can touch the Hide/Show button to hide the measure number or to show a measure number that had previously been hidden.
Once you have set the location and format of your measure numbers, touch the Set button to transfer your settings to the score.
Page Number Pane
If you have selected to place the page number in the top corners or bottom corners then you have settings to place them:
and you can set the number you want to appear on the first page.
The placement of the page number (in inches) from the edge of the score is set with two text boxes. The first of these values is used for Left-Right insets for page numbers that are in the corners, and the second value is for the inset from the top and bottom edges of the score.
A different font can be selected by touching the Choose Font button and individual page numbers can be hidden and re-shown using the Hide/Show button.
Once you have chosen all the positioning details for your page numbers, touch the Set button to transfer your settings to the score. You can only have one Page Number configuration in the score.
Staff Attributes Pane
The Staff Attributes Pane allows you to set the number of staff lines in the current staff. The slider below the staff line display shows all the options for staff line configurations.
You can use the two buttons below the slider to set whether the staff lines are solid or dashed (unusual but possible) and choose whether the staff line change takes place for the entire staff, starts at the position of the Entry Cursor, or starts at the barline at the end of the current measure. Finally, you can have the change take place only in the current system or through to the end of the score. The staff ID slider simply shows the current staff ID and allows you to switch to other staves without leaving the panel.
Once you have made your choices for the staff line changes, click on the Change Staff Type to change the staff lines. In the example below the staff lines were changed to a single dotted line for a couple of beats in the middle of the staff, by using the Change At Cursor option twice - once to start the single dotted line staff and once to switch back to the 5-line staff.
Use the End of Measure option if you want your staff changes to be aligned with barlines so that you can create areas of your score with no staff lines:
The Clear Types button will clear all the staff line changes on the current system and revert the staff to the configuration of the previous system.
Staff Labels Pane
The Staff Labels pane can also be used to change the size of the staff using the slider to set the point size of the staff. Most images on the staff (other text and graphics) will be adjusted to the new size. In the example below, the top staff (for the entire score) was changed from 36 point (the default size) to 28 point:
Staff Hide/Show Pane
The Staff Hide/Show pane allows you to hide or show staves beginning on the current system. You can use the Staff ID slider to select which staff you want hidden or shown, and you can set whether the change occurs only for the current systems of through until the end of the score. When previously hidden staves are shown, you can use the Barline and Brace radio buttons to select whether they should:
Touch the Hide Staff with ID button to hide the staff and touch the Show Staff with ID button to restore the hidden staff. The Centre Staves after Hiding check box will cause the staves to be repositioned in the system so they are equally spaced when a staff has been hidden. If you prefer, you can adjust the staff spacing using the Staff Spacing panel available from the Layout toolbar.
Staff Add Pane
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