Drum Set Mapping

Drum Set Mapping

If you have are using Apple DLS 3 as your playback device and Drum Set as your playback instrument you will need to know how the drum set instruments are mapped to the pitches on the percussion staff.

By default, the samples of the Drum Kit are mapped to the following pitches:

As well, some extra samples are available at the following pitches:

Since you don't normally want the accidentals to appear you can hide the accidentals so they are not visible. So, for example, if you want to create a pattern of hi-hat open and closed, you would first enter the pitches (G for open and G# for closed):

Then hide all the accidentals using the Hide button in the Accidental Panel - this will not change the playback pitches:

Then use the Articulation Panel to add a "+" above the open hi-hat notes and a "o" above the closed hi-hat notes

Finally, you can change the noteheads to "x" noteheads using the Note Attributes Panel.

The score will now playback with the correct sounds and the score has been modified so that it is notationally correct.


Percussion Mapping

For all the other percussion instruments such as Bass Drum, Snare Drum and Cymbals, the instruments are mapped to the middle three lines of the staff. In some cases (as in the Snare Drum and Cymbal) the space above the middle line plays back a roll. Some experimentation will quickly demonstrate which sounds are mapped to which pitches.


Mixed Percussion Mapping

The Mixed Percussion mapping uses the standard General MIDI mapping for percussion instruments with a few additions and replacements:

Midi Pitch InstrumentMidi Pitch Instrument
27Filter Snap28Pink Noise
29Scratch 130Scratch 2
31Drum Stick32Sine Tick
33Click34Bell Click
35Acoustic Bass Drum36Bass Drum 1
37Rim Shot38Acoustic Snare
39Hand Clap40Electric Snare
41Low Floor Tom42Closed Hi-hat
43High Floor Tom44Pedal Hi-hat
45Low Tom46Open Hi-hat
47Low-Mid Tom48Hi-Mid Tom
49Crash Cymbal40High Tom
51Ride Cymbal 152Chinese Cymbal
53Ride Bell54Tambourine
55Splash Cymbal56Cowbell
57Crash Cymbal 258Vibraslap
35Ride Cymbal 260Hi Bongo
61Lo Bongo62Mute Hi Conga
63Open Hi Conga64Low Conga
65High Timbale66Low Timbale
67High Agogo68Low Agogo
69Cabasa70Maracas
71Short Whistle72Long Whistle
73Short Guiro74Long Guiro
75Claves76Hi Wood Block
77Low Wood Block78Mute Cuica
79Open Cuica80Triangle
81Triangle 282Shaker
83Jingle Bells84Bell Tree
84Castanets86Hi Timbale
85Low Timbale

- Midi pitches are numbered such that Middle C is 60, and each semitone is numbered sequentially above and below 60. An octave below middle C is 48 and an octave above middle C is 72.

See also

© Keith A. Hamel 2013-2020 - All Rights Reserved